Best Practices for DEA and FDA Physician Screening

DEA and FDA Debarment Screening

Are you familiar with federal regulations for screening physicians, prescribers, and distributors against various sources from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)? These agencies publish information on restricted healthcare organizations and/or providers who are currently under investigation or have been convicted of crimes or violations.

To protect patients and your organization, you should be referencing and including these sources at enrollment and in your ongoing screening. In this post, we’ll take a look at each source, and how to automate screening activities.

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Registration

Physicians, pharmacists, treatment facilities, distributors, nurse practitioners, and other healthcare professionals who administer, prescribe, or dispense any controlled substance must register with the federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Those applying for a DEA number must have a valid and active or pending license from a state medical or licensing board. Some states also require a controlled substance permit prior to practice, which must be obtained before DEA Number registration. To verify a DEA Number you’ll need to provide a few details on their website.

What are the Differences Between an NPI and DEA Number?

There are some common misconceptions when identifying the distinction between DEA Numbers and National Provider Identifiers (NPIs), and whether both are required for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) enrollment process. Here is a quick reminder when it comes to NPIs and DEA Numbers:

  • NPIs are issued by CMS through NPPES
  • DEA Numbers are issued by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
  • Not all Providers with an NPI will have or qualify for a DEA Registration

Learn more about CMS unique identifiers and relationships between government databases and provider requirements for participation.

Do Physicians Need a DEA Number in Addition to an NPI?

Yes, physicians must register for a DEA Number if they are prescribers of a controlled or potentially dangerous substance. National Provider Identifiers (NPIs) do not replace the function of a DEA Number.

Screening DEA Registration Databases and Cases Against Doctors

The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration publishes multiple lists to look up physician DEA Number registration and any administrative actions or cases against doctors. Downloads and search tools are available for validating records manually, but many organizations prefer outsourcing and automating these processes given the large number of searches necessary. The following lists should be included in your ongoing monitoring for DEA requirements:

  1. DEA Controlled Substances Act Registration Records (CSA)
  2. DEA Criminal Cases Against Doctors
  3. DEA Registrant Actions (Administrative Actions Against Registrant)

Where Can DEA Controlled Substances Act Registration Records (CSA) be Found?

DEA Controlled Substances Act Registration Information Databases can be downloaded from at multiple frequencies if you are a subscriber.

Providers are categorized by Registrant type (first letter of DEA Number):

  • A/B/F/G – Hospital/Clinic/Practitioner/Teaching Institution/Pharmacy
  • M – Mid-Level Practitioner (NP/PA/OD/ET, etc)
  • P/R – Manufacturer/Distributor/Researcher/Analytical Lab/Importer/Exporter/Reverse Distributor/Narcotic Treatment Program

What is the List for DEA Criminal Cases Against Doctors?

The DEA Criminal Cases Against Doctors is a listing of investigations of physician registrants in which the DEA was involved that resulted in the arrest and prosecution of the registrant. Cases against DEA physician registrants that result in arrests and prosecutions are added to the site since 2003.

DEA Registrant Actions

Administration Actions Against Registrants can be found publicly on the DEA’s website. Actions are recorded in the Federal Register and organized annually. Documents reflect the DEA’s order to show cause for registration suspensions and revocations and the final decisions and orders from an administrative law judge (ALJ) for the physician or organization’s registration status. The DEA may deny, suspend, or revoke a practitioner’s DEA registration for the following reasons:

  • A falsified DEA registration application
  • A state license has been suspended, revoked, or denied 
  • The individual or entity is excluded from participation in Medicare or Medicaid programs
  • Convicted of a felony related to a controlled substance
  • Committed an act that is inconsistent with the public interest

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Debarment List 

The FDA Debarment List consists of individuals who have been convicted of a felony related to the development and/or approval of a pharmaceutical product, or any drug product under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA). Monitoring individuals and parties on this list ensure you are maintaining compliance with FDA standards and that no potential or current employee or provider has any convictions against them.

Best Practices for Screening Prescribers and Pharmacies

Monitoring the various lists and databases from the DEA and FDA is critical in your compliance program and ongoing provider and prescriber screening. ProviderTrust solutions help save you time and resources when it comes to verifying that none of your staff or affiliates are present in these databases.

Stay Up-to-Date

Subscribe and get the latest news and advice from industry experts delivered straight to your inbox.

Related Resources

Never miss an update

Get the latest healthcare news, advice from industry experts, and all things related to monitoring solutions delivered straight to your inbox.